Shaivism is the name of a group of religious tradition which regards Lord Shiva as the Supreme Being. The creator and destroyer. It revolves around two Tattvas. Shiva Tattva and Shakti Tattva. The Shiva is the transcendental unity; the shakti is the universal diversity. The belief according to shaivism the universe is governed by two fundamental forces i. e. the” Purusha” and” Prakriti”. Shaivism worships Lord Shiva and rudraksha are said to be his tear drop. Hence Rudraksha are adorned by devotees to be closer to Lord Shiva.
There is a long tradition of wearing rudraksha beads in India, particularly among Shaivism, due to their association with Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva himself wears Rudraksha garlands (Mala). OM NAMAH SHIVAYA mantra is repeated (JAPA) using the Rudraksha beads in the form of mala. Rudraksha mala have been used by Hindus as rosaries from at least 10th century for meditation purposes and to sanctify the mind, body and soul.
Most garlands contain 108 beads plus one, as 108 is considered sacred and suitable number of times to recite a short mantra. The extra bead called the ‘ MERU ‘, BINDU or GURU bead, helps mark beginning and end of a cycle of 108, as well as having symbolic value as a principle bead. While counting the mala the meru should not be overtaken, but when meru is reached then mala is recited in reverse order. Recitation should be done after covering the mala and it should not touch the ground. After recitation, mala should be kept in cotton bag. The beads are commonly strung in silk or black or red cotton thread. Most of the people who believe in Shiva are regular wearer of Rudraksha beads. It may be five mukhi , eleven mukhi or fourteen mukhi.